“Dukkha” is the Pali word that usually gets translated as “suffering” in Buddhism, but the roots of the word mean “bad axle hole”— that the axle of your wheel is off-center, creating an unpleasant ride. When the Buddha is talking about liberating us from suffering, it’s not pain he’s talking about; it’s the misery created by our own minds.


The antonym, “sukha”, is usually translated as “bliss”, but the roots mean “good axle hole”. Not like ‘blissed out”; more like “smooth ride”.

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